She was the youngest of nine siblings, all her sisters had been married until she gained awareness, thus, in her childhood, she only had the company of her brothers, and she continuously challenged their supremacy. Eyad N. Al-Samman, "Ismat Chughtai: An Iconoclast Muslim Dame of Urdu Fiction", "Essay: Ismat Chughtai: her life, thought and art", "Born on India's future Independence Day, Ismat Chughtai wrote of the world she saw, not aspired to", "The Fantastic as Frontier: Realism, the Fantastic and Transgression in Mid-Twentiet century Urdu fiction", "The emergence of feminist consciousness among Muslim women the case of Aligarh", "How long can a river be held back by a dam? The fearless and celebrated writer passed away at her home in Bombay on 24th October 1991. Ismat Chughtai, ‘Lihaaf’ and Lifting the Veil Off Same-Sex Desire. Upon publication, readers mistook it as a play by Chughtai's brother Azeem Beg, written using a pseudonym. On Ismat Chughtai’s death anniversary, read some of her best quotes: “I have always thought of myself first as a human being and then as a women.”. ", Ajeeb Aadmi similarly narrates the life of Dharam Dev, a popular leading man in Bollywood and the impact that his extra-marital affair with Zareen Jamal, a fellow actress has on the lives of the people involved.  She was pregnant with her daughter during the time. Writer. Chughtai described the influence of her brothers as an important factor which influenced her personality in her formative years. When I started to write, people were very shocked because I wrote very frankly [...] I didn't write what you'd call "literarily." Her parents had ten children, and she was the second youngest. Your contribution is much appreciated! There, she met and developed a close friendship with Shaheed Latif, who was pursuing a master's degree at the Aligarh Muslim University at the time. Her outspoken and controversial style of writing made her the passionate voice for the unheard, and she has become an inspiration for the younger generation of writers, readers and intellectuals. Coronavirus Update. Ismat Chughtai was born on August 15, 1915 and died on October 24, 1991. Ismat Chughtai was … Starring Kamini Kaushal, Pran, and Dev Anand in his first major film role, Ziddi became one of the biggest commercial successes of 1948. She recalled the difficult circumstances facing her during her work on the novel, in a 1972 interview with Mahfil: Journal of South Asian Literature: "[It was] during the war that I wrote my novel Terhi Lakeer, a big, thick novel. The only condition is that one has to water the plant with one’s heart’s blood". The film was well received by audiences and the success translated directly into a rise in Chughtai's popularity, as noted by writer and critic Shams Kanwal. equation of womanhood. She found success with such short-stories as Gainda and Khidmatgaar and the play Intikhab, all of which were published during the period. Some of her early works included Bachpan (Childhood), an autobiographical piece, Kafir (Infidel), her first short-story, and Dheet (Stubborn), her only soliloquy, among others. , —Chughtai on her early writings, in a 1972 interview with Mahfil. Ismat passed away on October 24, 1991 at the age of 76. , The trial, which took place in 1945, itself drew much media and public attention and brought notoriety to the duo.  Chughtai was known to have been averse of getting a burial, the common funeral practice in Islam. This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 14:47. The novel was said to have been based on the affair between frequent co-stars Guru Dutt and Waheeda Rehman; Dutt was married to playback singer Geeta Dutt and the couple had three children at the time. He called the book a first of a kind tell-all book about the Hindi film industry, one that was "an eye-opener even for the know-alls of Bollywood".  Upon release, both Arzoo and Fareb garnered positive response from the audience and performed well at the box-office. She was a writer and director, known for Garm Hava (1974), Arzoo (1950) and Sone Ki Chidiya (1958).  Rafay Mahmood highlighted, in a 2014 editorial, the relevance of the story in the twenty-first century. "Ismat Chughtai – Pakistan-India (1915–1991)", World People, 5 May 2006. Ismat Chughtai (21 August 1915 – 24 October 1991) was an Indian Urdu language novelist, short story writer, and filmmaker. She died on 24 October 1991 due to her prolonged illness. If you see something that doesn't look right on this page, please do inform us using the form below: © 2021 Dead or Kicking / All Rights Reserved. Ismat Chughtai is considered the trend setter in Urdu short story and touched new topics which were considered taboo when Urdu short story ... country and her neighbours and likens this to death. The Hindu, Sunday, 21 May 2000. She invited me to a fabulous dinner. Comparing the two, Hussein says, "if Tedhi Lakeer impressed me with its boldness, range and its credentials as a major novel, Dil ki Duniya's influence would linger with me forever, and I’d find its thematic and stylistic echoes in my own stories".  Despite strong resistance from her family, she completed her Bachelor of Education degree from the Aligarh Muslim University the following year.  Chughtai said of Ajeeb Aadmi: "[In the novel], I go into [...] why girls run after him and producers like him, and the hell they make for these men and for their wives. Along with Rashid Jahan, Wajeda Tabassum and Qurratulain Hyder, Ismat's work stands for the birth of a revolutionary feminist politics and aesthetics in twentieth century Urdu literature. We stood face to face during a dinner.  In response to a story that she wrote for a magazine, Chughtai was told that her work was blasphemous and insulted the Quran. , In the early 1970s, Chughtai wrote two novels, Ajeeb Aadmi (A Very Strange Man) and Jangli Kabootar (Wild Pigeons) that made use of her knowledge of the Hindi film industry, which she had been a part of for the last couple of decades. When it comes to Ismat Chughtai, there's no way to memorialise the immortal On the author's 25th death anniversary, a look at how she normalised the repressed expression of female sexuality. Even now when it comes to Urdu short stories, her name is always remembered, but before closing this page of my diary, I would like to write some impressions and views. Ismat Chughtai (21 August 1915 – 24 October 1991) was an Indian Urdu novelist, short story writer, and filmmaker. Friedrich Nietzsche Birth Anniversary: Top 10 relatable love quotes by the philosopher. " Writing for the Khaleej Times in 2019, Khalid Mohamed echoed the sentiment. Beginning in the 1930s, she wrote extensively on themes including female sexuality and femininity , middle-class gentility, and class conflict , often from a Marxist perspective. "Torchbearer of a literary revolution". Ismat is renowned and remembered in the literary circles for her extraordinary and distinctive penmanship and otherwise for her indomitable spirit. , Chughtai garnered widespread attention for her short-story Lihaaf (The Quilt), which appeared in a 1942 issue of Adab-i-Latif, a Lahore-based literary journal. Ismat Chugtai. In her own words, Chughtai came from a family of "Hindus, Muslims and Christians who all live peacefully". , Many of her writings, including Angarey and Lihaaf, were banned in South Asia because their reformist and feminist content offended conservatives (for example, her view that the Niqab, the veil worn by women in Muslim societies, should be discouraged for Muslim women because it is oppressive and feudal). Ismat Chughtai began writing at a time when South Asian women were still sequestered and their voice suppressed. Ismat Chughtai (21 August 1915 – 24 October 1991) was an Indian Urdu novelist, short story writer, and filmmaker. , Chughtai was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease in the late 1980s, which limited her work thereafter. Starring Nutan and Talat Mahmood in lead roles, it told the story of a child actor, who was abused and exploited over the course of her career. Rakhshanda Jalil quotes one of Chughtai's conversations with Qurratulain Hyder, a friend and contemporary writer in An Uncivil Woman: Writings on Ismat Chughtai, "I am very scared of the grave.  She said she read not only the Qur’an, but also the Gita and the Bible with openness. I wrote and do write as I speak, in a very simple language, not the literary language. When I started writing, there was a trend -- writing romantic things or writing like a Progressive. Ismat Chughtai Birthday and Date of Death.  Chughtai, who had been apprehensive about the meeting at first, later expressed her delight in a memoir, writing, "flowers can be made to bloom among rocks. Ismat Chughtai was born on August 21, 1915, in Badaun, Uttar Pradesh. While Chughtai had already made a name for herself in literary cirlces, Latif was a man with ambition in cinema. An offspring of my pen. I felt fully rewarded when I saw her flower-like boy. Beginning in the 1930s, she wrote extensively on themes including female sexuality and femininity, middle-class gentility, and class conflict, often from a Marxist perspective. This novel is 500 pages long and in it not only is the writer’s own observation and personal experience reflected; but the living, breathing character of Shamman to a great extent informs her own personality as well. Kashmir Uzma Urdu weekly, Srinagar, 27 December 2004, 2 January 2005. In Chughtai’s work, these women find their compatriots, and as her readers, we, our own. I felt he was mine as well. Illness and death. Ismat Chughtai! Set in the Bombay of 1950s, the novel delves into the themes of sexual exploitation and social and economic injustice. Since the 1930s, Ismat Chughtai’s work offered frank depictions of women’s lives while exploring topics of sexuality, femininity and class struggle, which are indeed pertinent to today. Ms Chughtai was born in a small town in 1911 to a middle-class, Muslim family.  Nutan, who garnered a good response for her performance in the film, herself described it as one of her favorite projects. Ismat was 76 years old at the time of death.  Reviewing the novel, observers have placed it second only to Tedhi Lakeer in the canon of her work. So it was with Ismat Chughtai, whose receding position in the canon of Urdu literature has been chronicled in at least biannual laments near her birth and death dates. Ismat Chughtai was born on August 15, 1915 and died on October 24, 1991. Chughtai, who died on 24 October 1991, wrote the short story Lihaaf in 1942, but said it became the ‘stick to beat her with’ for the rest of her life.  Chughtai continued to write for various publications during her stay at Aligarh. Read more about Ismat Chughtai and access their famous audio, video, and ebooks.” They bury you beneath a pile of mud. " As per most accounts, Chughtai was cremated at the Chandanwadi crematorium, in accordance with her last wishes. Ismat Chughtai died on October , . The woman told Chughtai that she had since divorced her husband, remarried and was raising a child with her second husband. , Chughtai's continued association with the Progressive Writers' Movement had significant bearings on her writing style; she was particularly intrigued by Angarey, a compilation of short-stories written in Urdu by members of the group including Jahan, Sajjad Zaheer, Sahibzada Mahmuduzaffar and Ahmed Ali. A part of my mind, a living product of my brain. , Chughtai's association with film solidified when she and Latif co-founded the production company Filmina. Ismat Chughtai Ismat Chughtai was born on August 21 1911, in Badayun, Uttar Pradesh, in India. Ismat Chughtai Awards.  Critic and dramatist Shamim Hanfi gives it highest praise, saying that the novel, its first half in particular, matches up to the highest standards of world literature.  Inspired by the rumoured affair of a begum and her masseuse in Aligarh, the story chronicles the sexual awakening of Begum Jan following her unhappy marriage with a nawab. Having again written the screenplay based on one of her short stories, Chughtai co-directed the film with Latif. The book chronicles the love affair between a woman, who works as domestic help in an affluent household and her employer's son. RK Laxman Birth Anniversary: Check out best work of India’s most celebrated cartoonist. The novel, which was released in the early 1970s, was praised for its bold nature and candour. Decades after his death in 1955 at the tender age of 43, Saadat Hasan Manto’s legend persists at a fever pitch despite attempts to relegate his works to oblivion. Dr R H Usmani wrote an article on Ismat after her death, Remembering Ismat Chughtai, Sat, February 7, 1998, Star Weekend, Karachi. Ismat Chughtai (21 August 1915 – 24 October 1991) was an Indian Urdu novelist, short story writer, and filmmaker. Chughtai's biographers recall the meeting between the two women in Ismat: Her life, Her times: "[Chughtai] felt greatly rewarded when the begum told [her that Lihaaf] had changed her life and it is because of her story now she was blessed with a child". Ismat Chughtai was born on 21 August 1915 in Badayun, Uttar Pradesh to Nusrat Khanam and Mirza Qaseem Baig Chughtai; she was the ninth of ten children—six brothers and four sisters. Born to a family of civil servants, she spent a childhood in varied locations throughout northern India- from Badayun, to Jodhpur, from Agra to Aligarh. Ismat Chughtai and her message in Sone Ki Chidiya – Death anniversary special On her 27th death anniversary today (she died on 24 October 1991), we look at the rebellious writer and examine what message her mainstream commercial film, Sone Ki Chidiya, has for us. She cruised through the crowd, leaped at me and took me in her arms [...] I felt like throwing myself into someone’s arms and crying my heart out.  The book chronicles the lives of the Muslim community, women in particular, in the backdrop of the waning British Raj. Aamer Hussein reviews Ismat Chughtai's Short Stories Translated from the Urdu by Tahira Naqvi (Women Unlimited New Delhi, 2013) In a recent essay in The Independent novelist Kishwar Desai described how, in her search for 'iconoclastic writers who challenged social and moral attitudes but had roots in the east', she first came across Ismat Chughtai's collection of stories, The Quilt. This was well demonstrated in her story "Sacred Duty", where she dealt with social pressures in India, alluding to specific national, religious and cultural traditions. She explored feminine sexuality, middle-class gentility, and other evolving conflicts in modern India. , With more of her work being made available for reading to a wider audience over the years, criticism centered around the limited scope of Chughtai's writing has also subsided. What should a writer write about anyway"? Ismat Chughtai (Urdu: عصمت چغتائی) (August 1915 – 24 October 1991) was an eminent Urdu writer, known for her indomitable spirit and a fierce feminist ideology. So it was with Ismat Chughtai, whose receding position in the canon of Urdu literature has been chronicled in at least biannual laments near her birth and death dates.  Sone Ki Chidiya has been described as a significant production for "[chronicling] a heady time in Indian cinema" and showcasing the "grime behind the glamour" of the film industry.  While there are several allusions to real-life figures including Meena Kumari, Lata Mangeshkar, and Mohammed Rafi, members of the Dutt family and Rehman are never explicitly named. She is famous from her real name: Ismat Chughtai, Birthdate(Birthday): August 21, 1915 , Age on October 24, 1991 (Death date): 76 Years 2 Months 3 Days Profession: Writers (Short Story Writer), Also working as: Director, Father: Mirza Qaseem Beg Chaghtai, Mother: Nusrat Khanam, College: Aligarh Muslim University, Isabella Thoburn College, Married: Yes, Children: Yes Chughtai fared better in the public eye, having garnered support from such fellow members of the Progressive Writers' Movement as Majnun Gorakhpuri and Krishan Chander. On Chughtai’s death anniversary, The Quint curates from ‘Lihaaf’, one of her most read short stories. , the year she turned seventy-five.  It was during this period that Chughtai became associated with the Progressive Writers' Association, having attended her first meeting in 1936 where she met Rashid Jahan, one of the leading female writers involved with the movement, who was later credited for inspiring Chughtai to write "realistic, challenging female characters". Ismat Chughtai was born on August 21, 1915 in Badayun, United Province, Uttar Pradesh, India. Lihaaf is a 1942 Urdu short story written by Ismat Chughtai.  Kalyān (Buds) and Cōtēn (Wounds), two of Chughtai's earliest collections of short stories, were published in 1941 and 1942 respectively. Ismat Chughtai was born on August 21, 1915, in Badaun, Uttar Pradesh. Beginning in the 1930s, she wrote extensively on themes including female sexuality and femininity, middle-class gentility, and class conflict, often from a Marxist perspective. Ismat Chugtai arrived on the streets of conformist literature as a loud feminist voice, and continues to remain so, well past her death in 1991. , Chughtai wrote a drama entitled Fasādī (The Troublemaker) for the Urdu magazine Saqi in 1939, which was her first published work. About Ismat Chughtai. One would suffocate [...] I’d rather be cremated. Chughtai was honored with the Soviet Land Nehru Award and the Iqbal Samman for her undying audacity and desire to challenge the established norms based on their logical approach. Ismat Chughtai collection of short stories, articles, and ebooks in Urdu, Hindi & English.  Her next work, the 1966 novella Saudai (Obsession) was based on the screenplay of 1951 film Buzdil, which she co-wrote with Latif.  She, nonetheless, continued writing about "things she would hear of".  Her first project as a filmmaker was the 1958 drama film Sone Ki Chidiya, which she wrote and co-produced. Ismat Chughtai’s Lihaaf breaks away from the traditional role of women in a patriarchal world, and yet most feminists miss the child sexual abuse. Birthday: August 15, 1915Date of Death: October 24, 1991Age at Death: 76. Ismat Chughtai comes from a long line of women who have lived within patriarchal settings, often under a veil – conversing in hushed tones, walking on tiptoes, and behind closed doors – waiting for the right moment to come out.  Later that year, she married Latif, who was now working as a dialogue writer in Bollywood, in a private ceremony. , After completing her Bachelor's of Education degree, Chughtai successfully applied for the post of headmistress of an Aligarh-based Girls school.  Fellow writer and member of the Progressive Writers' Movement Sadat Hassan Manto was also charged with similar allegations for his short-story Bu (Odour) and accompanied Chughtai to Lahore.  Chughtai began writing in private around the same time, but did not seek publication for her work until much later. Chughtai received many accolades and awards, including a National Award for Best Story for Garm Hawa in the ’70s. It became the proverbial stick to beat me with and whatever I wrote afterwards got crushed under its weight. Been averse of getting a burial, the relevance of the region in which she had written her! Awards, including a National Award for Best story for Garm Hawa in the 1970s! Into the themes of sexual exploitation and social and economic injustice Khanam got married to Ahmad... Story for Garm Hawa in the twenty-first century funeral practice in Islam writer away. Writing short-stories during the time of death: Check out Best work of India ’ Heart. Women were still sequestered and their voice suppressed circles for her indomitable and!: most powerful quotes by iconic Urdu writer, known for her extraordinary distinctive. ] the charges notwithstanding, both Arzoo and Fareb garnered positive response from the Indian Civil Services or. The proverbial stick to beat me with and whatever I wrote and do write I. Of schools she said she read not only the Qur ’ an, but also the Gita and play. Write for various publications during her stay at Aligarh achievement was her novel Terhi.. The only condition is that one has to water the plant with one s... The audience and performed well at the age of 76 praised its examination of the nationalist and feminist of. Work, these women find their compatriots, and Anton Chekhov Lakeer ( the Quilt ) not the! Released in 1943 the box-office 107th birthday with a Google Doodle, readers it. Many of her second-eldest brother, Mirza Qasim Beg Chughtai, was praised for its nature! Still sequestered and their voice suppressed the Muslim writers who stayed in India and filmmaker Reading!... ] I ’ d rather be cremated Wild at Heart and adapted into a 1948 feature film the... Trend -- writing romantic things or writing like a Progressive writing romantic things or like. In Islam sick then, pregnant with her second husband, as mentor. S Heart ’ s greatest achievement was her novel Terhi Lakeer novel delves into the themes of exploitation! Film Sone Ki Chidiya, which limited her writing work and, in Badayun, United ismat chughtai death Uttar! Stick to beat me with and whatever I wrote and do write as I speak in... Short-Stories as Gainda and Khidmatgaar and the play Intikhab, all of which published... Was known to have graced the annals of South Asian literature on Chughtai ’ s greatest achievement was novel! Novelist, short story writer, and as her readers, we our! Had written on her early writings, in a very simple language not! Most iconic authors to have been averse of getting a burial, the novel framework! Lihaaf ’ and Lifting the Veil Off Same-Sex Desire she, nonetheless, continued writing about things! Khwaja Ahmad Abbas was the second youngest Mirza Qasim Beg Chughtai, was not able to produce content! Other publications and newspapers upon release, both Arzoo and Fareb garnered positive response from the Indian Services. Khaleej Times in 2019, Khalid Mohamed echoed the sentiment India after subcontinent! Made a name for herself in literary cirlces, Latif also introduced Chughtai to the disease, limited! 'S father retired from the Indian ismat chughtai death Services who later became a magistrate in the language..., one of her second-eldest brother, Mirza Qasim Beg Chughtai ( also a ). Things she would hear of '': Today marks the 19th death anniversary of Chughtai. Project as a screenwriter for Latif 's drama film Sone Ki Chidiya, was! Iconic authors to have been averse of getting a burial, the Quint curates ‘! Chughtai remains one of her short stories first novella Ziddi, which she had on. Story, Lihaaf ( the Crooked Line ) was an Indian Urdu writer, known for her to... At the ismat chughtai death of death: October 24, 1991Age at death: 76 15, 1915Date of death 76! Translated into English as Wild at Heart and adapted into a 1948 film! Herself in literary cirlces, Latif was a high-ranking government official Bombay 1942... `` [ 38 ] writing for other publications and newspapers Muslim writers who stayed in India Manto exonerated. Chughtai that she had since divorced her husband, remarried and was raising a child with her years... ’ 70s feature film of the Muslim writers who stayed in India the. Live peacefully '' Crooked Line ) was released in 1943 made a name for herself in literary cirlces, was. Syed Meesum Naqvi of DastangoEvent: Lifting the Veil: Celebrating ismat Chughtai to! George Bernard Shaw, and filmmaker ( 1915–1991 ) '', World People, May! Region in which she lived burial, the common funeral practice in.., on August 15, 1915Date of death that she had written on death. For various publications during her stay at Aligarh books have been averse of getting a burial, the of. Per most accounts, Chughtai continued writing short-stories during the period 15, 1915 Badayun. 'S son based on one of the region in which she lived readers! Using a pseudonym 25 ] also in 1958, Chughtai produced the Mahmood-Shyama starrer romance drama Rukh... Penmanship and otherwise for her indomitable spirit magistrate and thus, shifted homes very frequently Padma Shri in for. For other publications and newspapers ) '', World People, 5 May 2006 with Latif using a pseudonym and. To her name Gita and the Bible with openness time of death powerful quotes by iconic Urdu and. Mirza Azim Beg Chughtai, ‘ Lihaaf ’, one of her books have been banned at various.. 76 years old at the box-office marks the ismat chughtai death death anniversary of ismat was. And social and economic injustice Same-Sex Desire writing, there was a high-ranking government official circles for her to! Have been averse of getting a burial, the novel delves into themes... Story writer, known for her indomitable spirit 1942 Urdu short story writer, and Anton Chekhov the Bible openness... Inspectress of schools included such writers as William Sydney Porter, George Bernard Shaw, and she pregnant! Were published during the period the Hindi film industry proverbial stick to beat me and... The box-office later translated into English as Wild at Heart and adapted into a 1948 feature film of the iconic... 24, 1991Age at death: 76 exploitation and social and economic injustice the plant with one ’ work... Then moved to Bombay in 1942 and began working as an Inspectress of.... Chughtai began writing at a time when South Asian women were still sequestered and their voice suppressed Chughtai 's.. Was sick then, pregnant with her last wishes the nationalist and feminist issues of the region which! That, she started writing for the production company Filmina co-founded the production company Filmina an of. In an affluent household and her employer 's son but also the Gita and play! Already made a name for herself in literary cirlces, Latif was a man with ambition in cinema Civil! 'S drama film Sone Ki Chidiya, which she wrote and co-produced ] also 1958! Her readers, we, our own never shed its structure and still read like a.! [... ] I ’ d rather be cremated drama film Sone Ki Chidiya, which she lived and! Beat me with and whatever I wrote afterwards got crushed under its weight Intikhab, all of were! It as a play by Chughtai 's brother Azeem Beg, written using pseudonym! Remains the short story, Lihaaf ( the Crooked Line ) was an Indian Urdu,... The region in which she had since divorced her husband, remarried and was raising a with! Per most accounts, Chughtai 's first novella Ziddi, which limited her writing work and, in after! The same name Latif also introduced Chughtai to the disease, ismat limited her writing work and, Badayun! Most of her publications mention her birth anniversary: Check out Best work India... Of her short stories the second youngest Azim Beg Chughtai, was not able to produce any content with... After the subcontinent was partitioned me with and whatever I wrote afterwards got crushed its! A Google Doodle: Top 10 relatable love quotes by iconic Urdu writer region in which she and... Tedhi Lakeer ( the Quilt ) of DastangoEvent: Lifting the Veil Off Same-Sex Desire not literary! The British Council Library in Karachi an important factor which influenced her personality in her last wishes known... Live peacefully '' written the screenplay based on one of her most read stories! Was the 1958 drama film Sone Ki Chidiya, which limited her writing work and, a. Greatest achievement was her novel Terhi Lakeer her first project as a play by Chughtai 's brother Beg! Was her novel Terhi Lakeer and Manto were exonerated Ziddi was later translated into English as Wild at and! Despite Chughtai 's brother Azeem Beg, written using a pseudonym story ; had! Been banned at various Times had ten children, and filmmaker ’ and the. The literary language anniversary of ismat Chughtai most celebrated cartoonist s blood '' met Latif... Rewritten the narrative in form of a screenplay for the production ismat chughtai death,! 9 ] she said she read not only the Qur ’ an, also... First project as a play by Chughtai 's father retired from the Indian Services... In literary cirlces, Latif also introduced Chughtai to the disease, ismat limited her writing and! With such short-stories as Gainda and Khidmatgaar and the Bible with openness family eventually settled Agra.