From 1898 he lived alone in Arcueil, a Paris suburb, cultivating an eccentric mode of life and permitting no one to enter his apartment. Read Full Biography… 1902 Librettist Vincent Hyspa (1865-1938) Language French Composer Time Period Comp. He was born Alfred Eric Leslie Satie, but as a grown-up he always spelled his name “Erik”. Satie was nonetheless deeply admired by composers of the rank of Darius Milhaud, Maurice Ravel, and, in particular, Claude Debussy—of whom he was an intimate friend for close to 30 years. He received the last rites of the Catholic Church in his final days and died on July 1, 1925. He died on July 1, 1925 in Paris, France. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. When he was four years old, his family moved to Paris, his father (Alfred), having been offered a translator's job in the capital. That same year, his first works were published: Elégie, Trois Mélodies, and Chanson. Best remembered for several groups of piano pieces, including Trois Gymnopédies (1888), Trois Sarabandes (1887) and Trois Gnossiennes (1890), he was championed by Jean Cocteau and helped create the famous group of French composers, Les Six, which was fashioned after his artistic ideal of simplicity in the extreme. His father had been in the shipping business, but the family then moved to Paris. Much of his music has a subdued character, and its charm comes through in its directness and lack of allegiance to any one aesthetic. Beginning in 1905, he studied at the Schola Cantorum under Vincent d’Indy and Albert Roussel for three years. The first biography was that in French by Pierre-Daniel Templier in 1932 Erik Satie, and that was still untranslated into English when this volume was published in 1948.Having read both of these early bios back to back, I find that in some chapters that Rollo Myers was … Other early piano pieces, such as Trois Sarabandes (1887) and Trois Gymnopédies (1888), use then-novel chords that reveal him as a pioneer in harmony. Satie’s ballet Relâche (1924) contains a Surrealistic film sequence by René Clair; the film score Entr’acte, or Cinéma, serves as an example of his ideal background, or “furniture,” music. Support the channel: A look at "the Velvet Gentleman." Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Relevante no cenário de vanguarda parisiense do começo do século XX, foi o precursor de movimentos artísticos como minimalismo, música repetitiva e teatro do absurdo. Erik Satie was an important French composer from the generation of Debussy. Satie departed Paris on November 15, 1886, to join the infantry in Arras, but he found military life distasteful and intentionally courted illness to relieve himself of duty. Erik Satie Biography, Life, Interesting Facts Erik Satie was born on May 17, 1866, in Honfleur, France. Satie wrote music known for eccentric titles and performance directions, unique sound, and lack of allegiance to any one aesthetic. Erik Satie Biography Eric Alfred Leslie Satie (born Honfleur, 17 May 1866– 1 July 1925 in Paris) was a French composer, performing pianist, and publicist. Erik Alfred Leslie Satie was born in the coastal town of Honfleur in the Normandy region of France on 17 May 1866. 27 (1958), again in facsimile. He often gave his music unusual titles such as Piece in the form of a pear. The Penguin Guide to Jazz awarded the release a "Crown" signifying a recording that the authors "feel a special admiration or affection for".. Track listing. Today he is best known to us through his well-loved Gymnopédies, the small melancholic piano pieces from 1890, but at the time of his death in 1925, Satie was barely known beyond the city limits of Paris. IES 73 Year/Date of Composition Y/D of Comp. Erik Satie négyéves korában az alsó-normandiai Honfleur városkából Párizsba költözött a családjával, mert édesapja, Alfred Satie a fővárosban kapott fordítói állást. The works are for the most part in free time (lacking time signatures or bar divisions) and highly experimental with form, rhythm and chordal structure. Mini Bio (1) Erik Satie was born on May 17, 1866 in Honfleur, Calvados, France as Erik Alfred Leslie-Satie. No. Éric Alfred Leslie Satie, assinando como Erik Satie a partir de 1884, (Honfleur, 17 de Maio de 1866 — Paris, 1 de Julho de 1925) foi um compositor e pianista francês. Omissions? Satie’s masterpiece, Socrate for four sopranos and chamber orchestra (1918), is based on the dialogues of Plato. Erik Satie Musique sifflee (Le siffleur-Clodine Tardy) 29e Festival des vendanges (arts de la rue) Suresnes 2012.ogv 1 min 43 s, 640 × 480; 28.79 MB Erik Satie Trois Mélodies 1917 sheet music cover.jpg 610 × 789; 140 KB The first American publication of the piece was in Art News Annual, vol. Erik Satie (born Honfleur (France), 17 May 1866; died Paris, 1 July 1925) was a French composer. Toe Satie vier jaar oud was het sy gesin na Parys verhuis, nadat sy vader 'n pos as vertaler in die hoofstad aangebied is. Often, his melodies are melancholy and hesitant, his moods exotic or humorous, and his compositions as a whole, or their several constituent episodes, short. Erik Satie, original name in full Eric Alfred Leslie Satie, (born May 17, 1866, Honfleur, Calvados, France—died July 1, 1925, Paris), French composer whose spare, unconventional, often witty style exerted a major influence on 20th-century music, particularly in France. This desire is reflected in piano pieces such as Trois Gnossiennes (1890), notated without bar lines or key signatures. Satie was dismissed as a charlatan by musicians who misunderstood his irreverence and wit. Erik Satie was born at Honfleur, and his home there is now open to the public. He sought to strip pretentiousness and sentimentality from music and thereby reveal an austere essence. Satie did not publish the work in his lifetime, and is not known ever to have performed or mentioned it. Recommended". His father Jules Alfred Satie initially worked as a ship broker. From 2007, this is a modern biography which does not quite completely eliminate the importance of earlier studies, mainly those by Pierre-Daniel Templier (in French 1932, English translation 1969) Erik Satie or Rollo H. Myers (in English 1948) Erik Satie. My piece of work – which has eventually acquired the title Erik Satie: Memoirs of a Pear-Shaped Life – is an act of assembly, the weaving of carefully-selected and -placed - … Updates? Erik Satie, original name in full Eric Alfred Leslie Satie, (born May 17, 1866, Honfleur, Calvados, France—died July 1, 1925, Paris), French composer whose spare, unconventional, often witty style exerted a major influence on 20th-century music, particularly in France. Satie, Erik: I-Catalogue Number I-Cat. The piece was first printed in 1949 (in facsimile form, by John Cage in Contrepoints No. Erik Satie (1891), by Ramon Casas The Gnossiennes (French pronunciation: ​ [ɡnosjεn]) are several piano compositions written by the French composer Erik Satie in the late 19th century. All compositions by Erik Satie except as indicated Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. His mother Jane Leslie Anton was of Scottish origin. Erik Satie was born in Honfleur to a French father and a Scottish mother. Trivia (25) He completed the whole set by 2 April 1898, however they were at first published individually: the first and the third in 1888, the second in 1895. Erik is op Honfleur in Normandië gebore; sy kinderhuis aldaar is nou oop vir die publiek. Closely allied to the Dada and Surrealist movements in art, it refuses to become involved with grandiose sentiment or transcendent significance, disregards traditional forms and tonal structures, and characteristically takes the form of parody, with flippant titles, such as Trois morceaux en forme de poire (1903; Three Pieces in the Shape of a Pear) and Embryons Desséchés (1913; Desiccated Embryos), and directions to the player such as “with much illness” or “light as an egg,” meant to mock works such as Debussy’s preludes. The years following his military service formed a bohemian period in Satie's life, the most significant events of which would be the beginnings of his friendship with Debussy, his exposure to eastern music at the Paris World Exhibition, and his association with a number of philosophical and religious organizations (most notably the Rosicrucian Brotherhood). Erik Satie is op 17 Mei 1866 gebore as die seun van Alfred Satie en sy vrou Jane Leslie (née Anton), wat aan Skotse ouers in Londen gebore is. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Some have viewed certain of his stylistic traits as components of Impressionism, but his harmonies and melodies have relatively little in common with the characteristics of that school. Later, he moved with his family to Paris, where he became a translator. Satie’s flippancy and eccentricity, an intimate part of his musical aesthetic, epitomized the avant-garde ideal of a fusion of art and life into an often startling but unified personality. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. They also deplored the nonmusical influences in his life—during his last 10 years his best friends were painters, many of whom he had met while a café pianist. While he progressed during this period, he showed no unusual gifts. His parents were Alfred Satie and Jane Leslie. Later the School of Arcueil, a group including Darius Milhaud, Henri Sauguet, and Roger Désormiere, was formed in his honour. Facts About Erik Satie: Satie was an eccentric joker with a rebellious spirit and often made fun of classical music by composing parodies with unusual titles like Unpleasant Glimpses, Desiccated Embryos, Genuine Flabby Preludes (for a dog), Old Sequins and Old Breastplates, and Teasing Sketches of a Fat Man Made of Wood to name a few.